Tracking Our Progress

 

 

In the summer of 2020, Select Committee Democrats unveiled Solving the Climate Crisis, a congressional climate action plan with more than 700 policy recommendations to build a clean energy economy that values workers, centers environmental justice, and meets the challenges of the climate crisis.

Since then, House Democrats continue to make progress turning those recommendations into bills – and turning those bills into law.

 

 

702

Total Recommendations

258

Passed In The House

113

Signed Into Law

 

 

 

About This Data

Last Updated: June 30, 2021

This data was collected by the majority staff of the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis. Recommendations defined as "Passed in the House" include legislation passed in both the 116th Congress and the 117th Congress. Recommendations that have been fully passed or signed into law are denoted with a "Y." Recommendations that have been partially addressed but not entirely passed or signed into law are denoted with a "P." Recommendations that have not been passed or signed into law are denoted with an "N."

Section 1: Build a Cleaner and More Resilient Electricity Sector

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

22

Signed Into Law

35

Passed In The House

107

Total Recommendations

The electricity sector is the second-largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, accounting for 27% of U.S. emissions in 2018. Once the largest source of emissions, the electricity sector has become less carbon-intensive as coal-fired power plants have closed and more renewables have come online. State and federal policies, such as renewable energy standards, and market forces, including the low price of natural gas in recent years, have driven this transformation.

Continued decarbonization of the electricity sector is the linchpin of any national strategy to achieve net-zero emissions economy-wide by no later than 2050. As detailed throughout this report, electrification of key end uses in the transportation, building, and industrial sectors will be essential to eliminating emissions from those sectors. Electrification only works as a decarbonization strategy, however, if the grid is as clean as possible as fast as possible.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Establish National Energy Efficiency Targets Based On Maximum Achievable Level Of Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Potential. Policy Should Encourage Increased Electrification Of The Transportation, Industrial, And Building Sectors [p. 34]NN
Reauthorize And Increase Funding For The Energy Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Program And Expand It To Include Electrification. Before Allocating Energy Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Funds, States Should Identify Communities Most In Need Of Energy Efficiency Improvements [p. 35]YN
Establish A Water Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Program To Provide Funding For States, Local Governments, Tribes, Territories And Water Districts To Use Innovative Strategies Focused On The Energy-Water Nexus [p. 37]YN
Require Federal Science Agencies To Incorporate Energy-Water Nexus Considerations In All Relevant Research Activities [p. 37]YY
Establish A National Clean Energy Standard To Achieve Net-Zero Emissions In The Electricity Sector By No Later Than 2040, Maximizing Near-Term Emissions Reductions [p. 38]NN
Direct The Department Of Energy And Environmental Protection Agency To Enter Into An Agreement With The National Academies Of Science, Engineering, And Medicine To Evaluate Methodologies To Quantify Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated With Generating Electricity And To Determine The Appropriate Credit Value For The Clean Energy Standard [p. 39]NN
Direct The Department Of Energy And Environmental Protection Agency To Enter Into An Agreement With The National Academies Of Science, Engineering, And Medicine To Assess The Distributional Impacts Of The Clean Energy Standard During Implementation. The National Academies Should Conduct This Assessment Every 5 Years [p. 39]NN
Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Develop A Comprehensive, Long Range Electric Infrastructure Strategy And Implement Such Other Rules And Regulations As Necessary To Achieve 100% Net-Zero Electricity Generation By No Later Than 2040 [p. 39]NN
Extend The Section 45 Production Tax Credit For Wind Energy With A Direct Pay Option [p. 40]YP
Congress Should Reauthorize And Expand The Department Of Energy Research, Development, And Demonstration Of Wind Energy Technologies [p. 40]YY
Provide A Long-Term Extension Of The Section 48 Investment Tax Credit For Offshore Wind Energy Projects. Congress Should Provide A Direct Pay Option For Clean Energy Tax Credits [p. 41]YP
Reauthorize And Expand Department Of Energy Research, Development, And Demonstration Of Offshore Wind Energy Technologies [p. 41]YY
Extend The Section 48 Investment Tax Credit For Solar Energy Generation. Congress Should Provide A Direct Pay Option For Clean Energy Tax Credits [p. 42]YP
Congress Should Reauthorize And Expand Department Of Energy Research, Development, And Demonstration Of Solar Energy Technologies [p. 42]YY
Congress Should Extend The Production Tax Credit For Qualified Hydropower And Landfill Gas. Also Extend The Investment Tax Credit For Fuel Cell Property, Microturbine Property, Combined Heat And Power Property, And Small Wind Energy. Expand The Investment Tax Credit To Include Qualified Biogas Property And Linear Generators [p. 42]YP
Make Geothermal Energy Eligible For A Higher Investment Tax Credit And Extend The Production Tax Credit For Geothermal Energy Until It Is Eligible For A Higher Production Tax Credit. Congress Should Develop A Direct Pay Option For Clean Energy Tax Credits [p. 43]YP
Reauthorize And Expand Doe Research, Development, And Demonstration Of Geothermal Energy Technologies [p. 43]YY
Reauthorize Sections 242 And 243 Of The Energy Policy Act Of 2005 To Incentivize Production And Efficiency Improvements At Hydropower Facilities. Hydropower Projects Should Comply With All Relevant Environmental Statutes [p. 44]YY
Before It Expires In 2021, Congress Should Pass A Longer-Term Extension Of The Production Tax Credit For Marine And Hydrokinetic Energy Resources To Provide Greater Certainty For Potential Investors. Congress Should Provide A Direct Pay Option For Clean Energy Tax Credits [p. 45]YP
Congress Should Expand Research, Development, Demonstration, And Deployment Of Marine And Hydrokinetic Energy By Expanding Funding For Department Of Energy’S Water Power Technologies Office [p. 45]YY
Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Require That Qualifying Facilities To Have The Option To Enter A Fixed-Price Contract Whose Term Is At Least As Long As The Term On Which The Incumbent Utility Recovers Investments In New Generation [p. 46]NN
Direct The Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Increase Inspections At Aging Plants And Maintain A Strong Reactor Oversight Process [p. 47]NN
Direct The Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Use Existing Authority Under The National Environmental Policy Act To Conduct A Rigorous Climate Assessment Of Any Nuclear Reactors Seeking License Renewals [p. 47]NN
Strengthen The Department Of Energy'S Sustainability Program For Existing Light Water Reactors To Improve Their Reliability And Safety [p. 47]YY
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Provide Support For First-Of-A-Kind Or Early Deployment Nuclear Power Technologies Or A Pilot Program For Long-Term Power Purchase Agreement For Federal Agencies Provided The Technology Meets High Standards Of Safety Including Cybersecurity And Minimizes Proliferation Risks [p. 48]NN
Direct The Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Maintain Stringent Safety And Emergency Planning Requirements For Small Modular Reactors And Other Emerging Nuclear Technologies [p. 48]NN
Congress Should Pursue A Legislative Solution To America'S Nuclear Waste Problem, Which Should Include Consent-Based Siting For Any Permanent Repository For Nuclear Waste [p. 49]NN
Consistent With The Spent Fuel Prioritization Act, Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Prioritize Accepting High-Level Radioactive Waste Or Spent Nuclear Fuel From Decommissioned Civilian Nuclear Power Reactors Located In High Population And High Earthquake Areas [p. 49]NN
Congress Should Provide Incentives For Utilities To Expedite The Transfer Of Spent Fuel At Existing Reactors Into Hardened, Shipment-Ready Onsite Dry Casks. Direct Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Maintain A Robust Inspection Program For Spent Fuel At Existing Reactors [p. 49]NN
Congress Should Establish A Task Force Comprised Of Federal, State, Local, And Tribal Officials To Study The Implications Of Amending The Atomic Energy Act To Remove Exemptions From Environmental Laws For Spent Fuel And High-Level Waste. Task Force Should Develop A Report For Congress With Findings [p. 49]NN
Direct The Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Reopen The Rulemaking Into "Mitigation Of Beyond-Design-Basis Events" And Require Nuclear Power Plants To Take Action To Address Known Seismic And Flood Risks [p. 50]NN
Direct The Nuclear Regulatory Commission To Perform A Fleet-Wide Assessment Of Extreme Weather And Climate Vulnerabilities Of Us Nuclear Plants And Spent Fuel Based On Project Climate Impacts [p. 50]NN
Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act So That The Goals Of The National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors Program Are To Help Achieve National Climate Goals [p. 52]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Working With The Department Of Energy And The National Labs, To Develop A Comprehensive, Long-Range Electric Infrastructure Strategy That Would Achieve 100% Clean Electricity Generation By 2040 [p. 52]NN
Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Rather Than The Department Of Energy, To Designate National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors, Upon Application By Developers Of Proposed Projects [p. 52]NN
Consistent With The Requirements Under National Environmental Policy Act, Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To Clarify That The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission May Exercise Backstop Siting Authority For An Interstate Electric Transmission Facility Within A National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor If One Or More States Have Approved The Project, But One Or More States Have Denied The Proposed Project Or Have Withheld Approval For More Than 2 Years [p. 52]NN
Create A New Program At The Department Of Energy To Provide Federal Funding And Technical Assistance For State, Local, And Tribal Authorities To Conduct Transmission Planning And Review Applications To Site Proposed Interstate Transmission Projects. The Department Of Energy Should Prioritize Proposals To Build Interstate Transmission Lines That Would Deliver Zero-Carbon Electricity [p. 52]NN
Congress Should Establish A National Transmission Policy To Provide Guidance To State And Local Officials And Reviewing Courts To Clarify That It Is In The Public Interest To Expand Transmission To Facilitate A Decarbonized Electricity Supply And Enable Greenhouse Gas Emissions [p. 53]NN
Congress Should Amend Section 111(D) Of The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act To Require Consideration Of The National Benefits Outlined In The National Policy On Transmission In Any Proceeding To Review An Application To Site Bulk Electric Transmission System Facilities [p. 53]NN
Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Work With Market Operators To Improve Generator Interconnection Queues, Including By Prioritizing Projects That Would Fulfill State Clean Energy Policies And Providing Additional Technical Resources And Funding For Market Operators In Exchange For Establishing Deadlines For Project Approvals [p. 54]NN
Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To End Its Policy Of Assigning Costs Of The Regional Network To Individual Interconnecting Generators And Instead Incorporate Such Needs Into The Regional Transmission Planning And Cost Allocation [p. 54]NN
Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Report To Congress Of Its Progress In Encouraging Deployment Of Advanced Transmission Technologies And Describe How The Rule Could Be Modified To Encourage Greater Deployment Of These Technologies [p. 54]YN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Provide Performance-Based Incentives For Investments That Improve The Capacity And Efficiency Of The Bulk Electric Transmission System [p. 54]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Conduct A Rulemaking To Require Effective Interregional Planning In Line With The Principles Outlined In The Climate Leadership And Environmental Action For Our Nation'S Future Act And The Moving Forward Act [p. 55]YN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Conduct A Rulemaking To Increase The Effectiveness Of Transmission Planning Within A Region. Planning Entities Should Analyze Greenhouse Gas Emissions And National Climate Goals In Transmission Planning, And They Should Evaluate The Multiple Benefits Of A Proposed Project [p. 55]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Require Transmission Planning Regions To Proactively Plan Transmission Lines In Anticipation Of Renewable Energy Development. These Areas Can Be Identified By Examining Existing Generation Interconnection Queues As Well As Assessments Of Clean Energy Generation Potential Conducted By The National Labs [p. 55]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Designate National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors Where High-Voltage Direct Current Transmission Lines Are Needed To Better Connect The Three Interconnections, Building On The Interconnection Seam Study [p. 56]NN
Congress Should Provide Financial Support For Priority Hvdc Transmission Lines, Such As Through An Itc. Congress Should Provide An Option For Direct Pay For The Tax Credit. Where Feasible, The Priority Hvdc Transmission Lines Should Be Buried To Ensure Resilience To Climate Change Impacts [p. 56]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Or A New Federal Agency To Manage The Exchange Of Electricity Between Regional Transmission Organizations And Independent System Operators And The Independent Balancing Authorities In The Western And Southeastern Parts Of The Country [p. 57]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Consider Whether Larger Macro Regional Transmission Organizations Spanning Full Interconnections Or The Country Would Complement The Work Of Existing Regional Transmission Organizations By Performing Planning And Cost Allocation For The Larger Area [p. 57]NN
Congress Should Make Energy Storage Independently Eligible For An Investment Tax Credit For Energy Storage. Congress Should Provide An Option For Direct Pay For The Tax Credit. [p. 58]YY
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Create A National Program Focused On Energy Storage. Department Of Energy Offices Within The Grid Modernization Initiative Should Coordinate On Energy Storage Research. Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Provide Greater Support For Demonstration Of Grid-Scale Storage, Prioritizing The Replacement Of Peaker Plants As Well As Supporting Health Care Infrastructure [p. 58]YY
To Ensure The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Follows Congressional Intent, Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To: (1) Allow Recovery Through A Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Jurisdictional Rate Of Non-Transmission Alternatives That Are Lower-Cost Than Transmission Alternatives; (2) Clarify To The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission That Regional Transmission Planning Processes Require Consideration Of Feasible Alternatives; And (3) Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Designate Entities To Evaluate Non-Transmission Alternatives, Such As Regional Transmission Organizations Or Independent Evaluators In Non-Regional Transmission Organization Regions [p. 58]NN
Congress Should Amend The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act To Require That Each State Consider Mandating That, As Part Of A Supply-Side Resource Planning Process, Electric Utilities Demonstrate That They Have Considered An Investment In Energy Storage Systems [p. 59]NN
Congress Should Provide Funding For The Department Of Energy To Analyze The Existing Onshore And Offshore Transmission System To Identify What The Requirements Would Be To Connect 50 Gw Of Offshore Wind. The Department Of Energy Should Identify The Environmental And Economic Benefits Of Developing Offshore Transmission [p. 59]NN
Consistent With The National Offshore Wind Transmission Plan, Congress Should Provide Loan Guarantees For Public-Private Partnerships To Upgrade Coastal Grid Infrastructure For Offshore Wind Projects By Investing In Transmission And Interconnection Facilities [p. 59]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Conduct A Rulemaking To Break Down Barriers To The Interconnection Of Offshore Wind Facilities. Congress Should Also Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Develop A Cost Allocation Methodology For Offshore Wind Transmission Facilities [p. 59]NN
To Ensure The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Follows Congressional Intent, Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Find Rates Unjust, Unreasonable, Unduly Discriminatory, Or Preferential If They Do Not Incorporate The Cost Of Externalized Greenhouse Gas Emissions [p. 60]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Use Its Existing Authorities To Conduct A Rulemaking That Would Review Energy, Reliability, And Capacity Market Reforms That Would Better Integrate Renewable Energy, Battery Storage, Storage-As-Transmission, Hybrid Resources, Distributed Energy Resources, And Demand Response In Wholesale Power Markets [p. 61]NN
Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To Clarify That State Authority Over Electricity Generation Includes The Provision Of Financial Incentives For Clean Energy And That The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission May Not Establish Rates That Discriminate Based On These State Policies. Specifically, Congress Should Clarify That The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Shall Not Mitigate A Resource’S Bid Offer Or Proposed Rate On The Basis That The Resource Receives Support From A State Or Local Government. In Addition, Congress Should Clarify That The Federal Power Act Does Not Limit The Ability Of States To Regulate Or Tax Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Sources Located In Their State Or Associated With The Production Of Electricity Consumed In Their State [p. 62]NN
Congress Should Reaffirm That Large Regional Power Exchange And Planning Are Consistent With The Public Interest [p. 64]NN
To Ensure The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Follows Congressional Intent, Congress Should Amend The Federal Power Act To Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Review The Stakeholder Governance Processes Of Regional Trasmission Organizations And Independent Sytem Operators On A Periodic Basis And Make Any Changes Needed To Ensure That They Are Inclusive, Fairly Balance Diverse Interests, Allow For Representation Of Minority Positions, And Maintain Ongoing Responsiveness. Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Establish Minimum Requirements For Stakeholder Processes At Each Regional Transmission Organization/Independent System Operator [p. 64]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Conduct A Rulemaking That Imposes Minimum Transparency Requirements On Regional Transmission Organizations And Establishes Procedures For How Stakeholders Can Access Information, Such As Ensuring That Customer Cost Information Is Reasonably Available And Stakeholder Meetings Are Free Of Cost And Open To Public And Press [p. 64]NN
Congress Should Reauthorize The Office Of Public Participation And Consumer Advocacy At The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Review And Resolve Barriers To Public Participation And To Provide Intervenor Funding Before The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission And Organizations With The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission-Delegated Authority [p. 64]PP
Congress Should Authorize Funding For The Department Of Energy To Continue To Identify And Evaluate The Climate-Related Risks To Electric Grid Infrastructure In Partnership With State And Local Governments And The Private Sector [p. 66]YN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, And The North American Energy Reliability Commission, Working With The Mitigation Framework Leadership Group, To Develop Federal Resilience Standards To Apply To Electricity Infrastructure Projects That Are Federally Funded, Permitted, And Licensed [p. 66]YN
Congress Should Establish A Competitive Grant Fund For State And Local Governments, Tribes, And Territories To Invest In Technologies And Strategies To Improve The Resilience Of The Electric Distribution System [p. 67]NN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Develop A Comprehensive Research, Development, And Demonstration Program To Increase The Resilience Of Both The Bulk Power And Distribution Grids To Extreme Weather And Other Climate Impacts, Cyber Threats, And Physical Attacks By Developing Technologies And Tools And Increasing Emergency Response And Management Capabilities [p. 68]YN
Congress Should Provide Funding On A Competitive Basis For State And Local Governments And Public-Private Partnerships To Upgrade The Electric Transmission And Distribution System [p. 68]YN
Congress Should Provide Funding For States, Local Governments, And Tribes To Invest In Technologies, Upgrades, And Operational Measures To Improve The Resilience Of Electricity Delivery Infrastructure; Improve Restoration Time To Reduce Power Losses; Ensure Continued Delivery Of Power For Essential Services Such As Hospitals, Schools, And Wastewater Treatment Plants; And Facilitate Greater Incorporation Of Renewable Energy Into The Electric Grid [p. 69]NN
Congress Should Increase Funding For The Department Of Energy And National Lab Research Partnerships On Advanced Grid Technologies, Such As Faster, More Intelligent Reclosers And Improved Downed Line Technologies [p. 69]NN
Authorize Funding For The Department Of Energy To Continue Working With The Utility Industry To Deploy Spare Large Power Transformers And Emergency Mobile Substations In Strategically Located Facilities To Support Critical Electric Infrastructure And Defense And Military Installations [p. 70]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Organize A Technical Conference To Help Western Grid Operators Plan For And Minimize The Regional Grid Impacts Of Preventative Power Shutoffs To Reduce Wildfire Risks [p. 70]NN
Congress Should Provide Funding For Communities To Develop Community Wildfire Defense Plans That Would Deploy Distributed Energy Resources. [p. 72]NN
Congress Should Authorize The Department Of Energy To Provide Funding Through Loans And Grants For State And Local Governments, Tribes, And Territories To Deploy Ders, Including Funding State And Local Revolving Loan Funds And Credit Enhancement Programs To Encourage Deployment Of Distributed Energy Resources And Providing Technical Assistance To Aid In Planning, Permitting, And Financing For Distributed Energy Resources [p. 72]NN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Establish A Demonstration Program To Promote The Development Of Microgrids To Help Isolated Communities And Increase The Resilience Of Critical Infrastructure. The Program Should Encourage Hiring From The Local Workforce To Operate And Maintain The Microgrids [p. 72]NN
Congress Should Amend The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act To Require State Regulatory Commissions To Consider Adopting Rate Designs That Would Require Utilities To Demonstrate That They Have Considered Investing In Energy Storage And To Require Electric Utilities To Implement, Where Possible, Cost-Effective Non-Wires Solutions [p. 72]NN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Establish A Distributed Energy Opportunity Board To Create A Voluntary Program To Facilitate Streamlined Permitting And Inspection Of Distributed Energy Systems And To Provide Technical Assistance [p. 73]YN
Congress Should Reauthorize And Increase Funding For The Department Of Energy'S Electric Grid Research, Development, And Demonstration Activities Related To Distributed Energy Resources [p. 74]YY
Congress Should Direct The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Finalize The Rulemaking To Enable Networks Of Distributed Energy Resources To Aggregate And Compete In Wholesale Power Markets. The Rule Should Allow Consumer And Aggregator Participation In All States With The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission-Jurisdictional Markets [p. 74]NN
Congress Should Allow Communities To Use Federal Disaster Aid Funds To Purchase Clean Distributed Energy Resources [p. 75]NN
Congress Should Provide An Alternative Method To Help Rural Cooperatives Capture The Benefits Of The Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credits [p. 76]YN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Create A Program To Provide Grants And Technical Assistance To Rural Electric Cooperatives To Develop Storage And Microgrid Systems Using Renewable Energy [p. 76]YY
Congress Should Increase Funding For Loans And Grants Through Us Department Of Agriculture Loan Guarantee Programs And Rural Utilities Service Programs For Clean Energy Investments [p. 76]NN
Congress Should Provide A Comprehensive Set Of Solutions To Expand The Access Of Low-Income Americans To Solar Energy. Congress Should Increase Funding For Liheap And Expand The Program So That More Funds May Be Invested In Solar Energy. Congress Should Direct Doe To Create Financing Programs To Expand Access For Low-Income Americans To Residential And Community Solar Energy Projects, Particularly In Conjunction With Affordable Housing Developments. [p. 77]PP
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Work With The Department Of Labor To Establish A Solar Workforce Program Focused On Veterans, Women, Displaced And Dislocated Energy Workers, Formerly Incarcerated Persons, And Other Individuals Who Have Historically Faced Barriers To Employment [p. 77]NN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Create A New Solar Communities Initiative That Will Establish By 2040 A National Goal Of Generating 10% Of Electricity Through Distributed Solar Energy To Help Create An Inclusive Clean Energy Economy [p. 78]YN
Congress Should Amend Section 111(D) Of The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act To Require Utilities To Consider Offering Community Solar Programs [p. 78]YN
Congress Should Provide Loans And Grants To State, Local, And Tribal Governments And Other Organizations To Develop Community Solar Projects. To Receive Funding, Developers Must Demonstrate Stakeholder Engagement And Local Support For The Solar Project [p. 78]NN
Congress Should Authorize And Encourage Federal Agencies To Participate In Community Solar Projects [p. 78]NN
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy To Provide Utilities With Technical Assistance To Expand On-Bill Financing For Energy Efficiency, Distributed Renewable Energy, Electrification Of Space And Water Heating, And Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment [p. 78]NN
Congress Should Provide Technical Assistance And Funding Through The Us Department Of Agriculture To Deploy Resilient Renewable Energy And Microgrid Systems In U.S. Territories Congress Should Authorize Federal Agencies To Issue Waivers To Territories For Matching Fund Requirements Under These And Other Climate-Related Existing Grant Programs [p. 79]NN
Congress Should Increase Funding For Department Of Interior'S Office Of Insular Affairs To Work With Territories To Invest In Resilient And Clean Energy Infrastructure And Other Climate Solutions [p. 79]NN
Congress Should Expand Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act To Apply To U.S. Territories, Establish A Process For Offshore Wind Leasing, And Provide Dedicated Funding For Coral Reef Conservation [p. 79]NN
Congress Should Include Territories In The “State” Definition Of Any Renewable Energy Or Climate-Related Legislation To Ensure Territories Have Access To Programs And Funding [p. 79]NN
Congress Should Support And Strengthen The Ability Of Tribal Governments To Capture The Benefits Of Clean Energy Tax Credits, Such As Through Direct Payment [p. 80]YN
Congress Should Increase Funding For The Department Of Energy Office Of Indian Energy Policy And Programs And Department Of Interior'S Office Of Indian Energy And Economic Development To Work With Tribes To Invest In Tribal Utility And Clean Energy Infrastructure And Other Climate Solutions [p. 81]NN
Congress Should Expand The Definition Of Indian Land In The Energy Policy Act Of 1992 To Include Areas Where Most Residents Are Members Of Alaska Native Tribes [p. 81]YY
Congress Should Authorize The Director Of The Doe Office Of Indian Energy Policy And Programs To Reduce Or Eliminate Cost Share Requirements For Energy Projects Funded By That Office In Cases Of Financial Need [p. 81]YY
Congress Should Direct The Department Of Energy Office Of Indian Energy Policy And Programs To Work Closely With The Department Of Housing And Urban Development To Expand Energy-Efficiency And Electrification Programs For Tribes [p. 81]NN
Congress Should Ensure That Tribes Are Eligible For Reauthorized And Expanded Energy Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Funds. Congress Should Ensure That Funds Are Set Aside For Tribes From The Weatherization Assistance Program [p. 81]NN
Congress Should Provide Competitive Grant Funding For Partnerships Between Institutions Of Higher Education And Tribes To Analyze Business Opportunities For The Development Of Tribal Clean Energy Development And Climate Solutions [p. 82]NN
Congress Should Direct The Federal Government To Increase Its Purchase Of Clean Electricity To 100% By 2040 [p. 83]NN
Congress Should Authorize Federal Agencies To Enter Into Contracts For Zero-Carbon Electricity For Up To 40 Years. These Contracts Should Meet High-Road Labor Standards And Should Provide Local Benefits To Economically Disadvantaged And Historically Marginalized Communities, Including Tribal Communities [p. 83]NN
Congress Should Direct The Tennessee Valley Authority And The Four Federal Power Marketing Administrations To Report To Congress On Any Legislative Changes Needed To Enable Them To Enter Into Regional Partnerships To Expand Clean Energy Growth. These Legislative Changes Could Include Increases To Borrowing Authorities And Amendments To The Federal Power Act [p. 84]NN
In The Section Of This Report Titled “Provide Federal Leadership On Buildings,” The Majority Staff For The Select Committee Recommends That Congress Require All New Construction And Major Renovations Of Federal Buildings Achieve Net-Zero Emissions By 2030. Consistent With That Policy, Congress Should Direct The Comptroller General Of The United States To Assess How Best To Maximize Net-Zero Energy Implementation At Military Installations With The Goal Of Achieving Net-Zero Energy By 2030 [p. 85]NN
Congress Should Increase Funding For National Renewable Energy Laboratory To Partner With The Department Of Defense To Improve The Resilience Of Renewable Energy Projects At Military Installations To Climate Change Impacts [p. 85]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 32 of our Action Plan

Related Issues

Get the latest updates on committee actions and short summaries of our Action Plan.

Section 2: Build a Cleaner and More Resilient Transportation Sector

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

4

Signed Into Law

48

Passed In The House

76

Total Recommendations

The transportation sector is the largest source of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in the United States, accounting for 37% of all emissions in 2019. Light-duty cars and trucks accounted for 54% of transportation sector emissions, with heavy-duty freight trucks making up another 21%. Whether the vehicle is a car or a bus or a ship, the formula is the same: emissions are a function of the vehicle’s fuel efficiency, the fuel’s carbon intensity, and the number of miles traveled each year.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Corporate Average Fuel Economy/Greenhouse Gas Standards [p. 89]NN
Expand Clear Air Act State Waiver [p. 89]NN
Zero-Emissions Vehicle Sales Standard [p. 90]NN
Expand Electric Vehicle Tax Credits [p. 91]YN
Used Electric Vehicle Incentives [p. 92]YN
30C Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit [p. 93]YN
Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Grants [p. 95]YN
Electric Vehicle Charging Interoperability Standards [p. 95]YN
Zero-Emissions Vehicle Program Accessibility [p. 95]YN
Federal Procurement Of Zero-Emissions Vehicles [p. 96]PN
Us Postal Service Procurement Of Zero-Emissions Vehicles [p. 96]YN
Used-To-Electric Vehicle Voucher Program [p. 97]NN
Clean Vehicle Research And Development [p. 98]YN
State Energy Transportation Plans [p. 99]YN
Clean Cities Coaltion Program [p. 99]NN
Amend The Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act To Support Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure [p. 100]PN
Autonomous Vehicle Strategy To Reduce Emissions [p. 100]PN
Establish A Low Carbon Fuel Standard [p. 102]NN
Erins For Rfs [p. 103]NN
Biofuel Research And Development [p. 103]NN
Double Federal Funding For Public Transit [p. 104]PN
Prioritize Maintaining And Improving Existing Infrastructure [p. 105]YN
Establish New Transit Performance Measures And Planning Requirements [p. 106]YN
Grants To Support Transit Performance Measures [p. 107]YN
Direct States To Evaluate Transit System Accessibility [p. 108]YN
Grants For Advanced Data And Intelligent Transportation Systems Technologies [p. 108]YN
Complete Streets Programs [p. 109]YN
Transportation Demand Management [p. 109]YN
Affordable Housing Near Public Transit [p. 110]YN
Transportation Alternatives Program [p. 111]YN
Grants To Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled [p. 111]NN
Bicycle Commuter Tax Benefit [p. 112]YN
Connect Underserved Communities To Green Spaces [p. 112]NN
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration Programs For Low-Carbon Materials [p. 113]YN
Federal Buy Clean [p. 113]NN
Establish A Formula And Grant Program To Protect Vulnerable Transportation Assets In Advance Of Disasters [p. 115]YN
Resilient Transit Electrification [p. 115]NN
Consider Resilience And Hazard Mitigation Throughout Planning, Project Selection, And Design [p. 116]YN
Revise The Federal Highway Administration Emergency Relief Manual To Consider Resilience [p. 117]NN
Extend Federal Highway Administration Emergency Relief Program To Include Wildfire Damage And Direct The Department Of Transportation To Conduct A Pre-Disaster Mitigation Pilot Program To Increase Resilience Of Highway Infrastructure [p. 117]YN
Allow States To Use National Highway Performance Funds To Improve Resilience [p. 118]YN
Clean School Bus Program [p. 119]PN
Low-No Grant Program [p. 120]PN
Manufacturer'S Tax Credit For American-Made Zero-Emissions Buses [p. 120]YN
Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards For Medium- And Heavy-Duty Vehicles [p. 121]NN
National Zero-Emissions Vehicles Standard For Medium- And Heavy-Duty Vehicles [p. 122]NN
Zet Purchase Incentives [p. 123]YN
Manufacturer'S Tax Incentive For American-Made Medium-Duty Zero-Emissions Vehicles [p. 123]NN
Establish Grants To Support Fleet Conversion [p. 123]NN
Increase And Update Diesel Emissions Reduction Act Grants [p. 124]PN
Increase Funding For Transportation Electrification Program [p. 125]YN
Expand The Transportation Electrification Program To Include More Port Equipment [p. 125]YN
Support Retrofitting Of Heavy-Duty Refrigerated Vehicles [p. 125]YN
Establish Grants Or Loans For Deployment Of Alternative Fuel Infrastructure For Medium- And Heavy-Duty Vehicles [p. 126]YN
Create An Investment Tax Credit For Alternative Fuel Infrastructure For Medium- And Heavy-Duty Trucks [p. 126]NN
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Zero-Emission Large Trucks [p. 127]NN
Expand Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program To Include Medium- And Heavy-Duty Vehicles [p. 127]YN
Aviation Greenhouse Gas Standards [p. 129]NN
Research And Development For Aviation Emissions Reduction [p. 130]PP
Expand The Section 40A Sustainable Aviation Fuels Tax Credit [p. 131]YP
Grants For Sustainable Aviation Fuel [p. 131]YN
Renewable Fuel Standard/Low Carbon Fuel Standard Aviation Multiplier [p. 132]NN
Fund And Expand Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program [p. 132]YN
Fund And Expand Airport Improvement Program To Support Resilience [p. 133]YN
Fund Maintenance, Improvement, And Expansion Of The Rail Network [p. 134]YN
45G Tax Credit For Short-Line Railroads [p. 135]NN
Expand The Transportation Electrification Program To Include Rail [p. 135]NN
Maritime Environmental And Technical Assistance Program Decarbonization Research And Development [p. 137]NN
Renewable Fuel Standard/Low Carbon Fuel Standard Maritime Eligibility [p. 137]NN
Grants To Support Port Electrification [p. 139]PN
Fund Diesel Emissions Reduction Act And Expand The Transportation Electrification Program [p. 139]YN
Shore Power Mandate [p. 139]NN
Grants To Support Ferry Electrification [p. 140]YY
Title Xi Loan Guarantees For Offshore Wind Vessels [p. 141]NN
Fund The Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund [p. 142]YY
Prioritize Climate Resiliance In Port Investments [p. 142]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 86 of our Action Plan

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Section 3: Build and Upgrade Homes and Businesses to Maximize Energy Efficiency and Eliminate Emissions

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

15

Signed Into Law

28

Passed In The House

63

Total Recommendations

Decarbonizing buildings presents both a substantial economic opportunity and a complex challenge. Across the country, there are roughly 125 million homes and 5 million commercial buildings. These buildings vary widely in age, structure, and efficiency and use an enormous amount of electricity. Residential and commercial buildings are responsible for about three-quarters of U.S. electricity sales and two-fifths of U.S. energy use. At the same time, retrofitting existing buildings is a significant opportunity to create local jobs while also reducing carbon emissions and energy bills.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
25C Tax Credit For Homeowner Investments In Energy Efficiency [p. 145]YP
Rebates For Homeowner Investments In Energy Efficiency [p. 145]YN
Help Homeowners Leverage Savings From Energy Efficiency Improvements [p. 145]NN
Extend The Tax Deduction For Commercial Investments In Energy Efficiency [p. 146]YY
Extend The Tax Credit For Builders Of New, Energy-Efficient Homes [p. 147]YP
Tax Incentives For Commercial Building Efficiency Technologies [p. 147]YP
Establish Tax Incentives For Construction Of Net-Zero Energy Buildings [p. 148]NN
Establish A Small Business Energy Efficiency Grant Program To Leverage Existing Utility And Other Energy Efficiency Programs [p. 148]NN
Utility Data Access [p. 149]NN
Smart Building Technologies In Fededal Buildings [p. 150]YY
Survey And Accelerate Deployment Of Private Smart Buildings [p. 150]YY
Demonstration Grants For Smart Energy And Water Efficiency Technologies [p. 150]YY
Expand Federal Research In Building Technologies [p. 151]YP
Incentivize State And Local Adoption Of Updated Model Building Codes And Zero-Emission Building Codes [p. 152]YN
Technical Support To Adopt, Implement, And Enforce Energy Codes [p. 153]YN
Commercial Building Benchmarking [p. 154]NN
Residential Building Benchmarking [p. 154]NN
Model Building Energy Performance Standard [p. 155]NN
Implement Local Building Energy Performance Standards [p. 155]NN
Energy Efficiency Standards For Appliance And Equipment [p. 156]PN
Broadband For Smart Grid Technologies [p. 157]YN
Expand Tax Credits For Homeowner Investments In Renewable Energy [p. 158]YY
Rebates For Building Electrification [p. 159]NN
Tax Credits For Building Electrification [p. 159]NN
Identify Net Metering Best Practices And Establish A Model Standard For State Adoption [p. 159]NN
Model Building Codes For Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment [p. 160]YN
Rebates For Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment [p. 160]YN
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment For Environmental Justice Communities [p. 160]YN
Expand Finacial Incentives For Building Reuse [p. 161]PN
Environmental Product Declarations Database For Building Materials [p. 162]NN
Require Agencies To Use Environmental Product Declarations [p. 162]NN
Establish A Green Building Material And Products Certification Program And Label [p. 163]NN
45Q For Carbon Utilization [p. 163]NN
Convert Carbon Capture Pilot Projects To Carbon Utilization Pilot Projects [p. 163]NN
Interagency Carbon Utilization Task Force [p. 163]NN
Increase Research Funding For Mass Timbers In Commercial Buildings [p. 164]NN
Performance-Based Construction Specification [p. 165]NN
Study Embodied Carbon Of Materials In Federal Buildings [p. 165]NN
Increase Weatherization Assistance Program [p. 166]YP
Weatherization Assistance Program Tribal Funding [p. 167]NN
Weatherization Assistance Program Grants For Remediation [p. 167]YN
Low-Income Housing Energy Assistance Program [p. 168]YP
Solar In Public Housing [p. 168]NN
Increase State Energy Program Funding [p. 169]NN
Increase Energy Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Program [p. 169]YN
Establish An Energy Efficiency Loan Program For Community Development Financial Institutions [p. 170]NN
Increase Tax Credits And Efficiency Incentives For Affordable Housing [p. 170]PN
Increase Federal Funding To Retrofit And Decarbonize All Public Housing [p. 171]NN
Update The Energy Efficiency Standards For Manufactured Housing And Federally Assisted Housing [p. 172]NN
Invest In Energy-Efficient Nonprofits - Schools, Hospitals, Churches [p. 173]PP
Invest In Energy-Efficient Public Buildings And Critical Facilities [p. 173]YN
Energy Efficiency In Department Of Housing And Urban Development Programs [p. 174]NN
Department Of Housing And Urban Development Efficiency Program For Assisted And Unsubsidized Affordable Housing [p. 174]NN
Research On Distributional Impacts From Climate Policies [p. 174]NN
Relaunch And Expand The Sustainable Communities Initiative [p. 175]NN
Strengthen Community Land Banks To Return Vacant Housing Stock To Productive Use [p. 175]NN
Require New Construction And Major Renovations Of Federal Buildings To Achieve Net-Zero Emissions By 2030 [p. 176]NN
Appropriate Incremental Funds For Net-Zero Emissions Federal Building Projects [p. 177]NN
Energy Efficiency And Emissions Reduction Targets For All Federal Buildings [p. 178]YY
Deep Retrofits [p. 178]NN
Federal Building Performance Standard [p. 178]NN
Expand Federal Use Of Energy Savings Performance Contracting [p. 179]YY
Develop A Federal Smart Technology Strategy [p. 179]YY


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 143 of our Action Plan

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Section 4: Invest in Water Infrastructure to Provide Clean Water and Prevent Catastrophic Flooding

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

7

Signed Into Law

13

Passed In The House

15

Total Recommendations

Of all the infrastructure types, water is the most fundamental to life. Access to safe, clean water is essential to public health, agriculture, and commerce. However, most states already face water shortages, water quality challenges, and funding shortfalls despite household water rate increases. As the nation confronts a significant and broad-based infrastructure crisis, dams, levees, and other water control structures raise particular concern because they provide important protection to all other infrastructure investments. The nation’s water and flood infrastructure is aging, and investments are not keeping pace with the need. There is a need for strategic investment to bridge the water infrastructure funding gap and ensure that water systems, dams, and levees serve today’s needs, meet future demands, and withstand the more extreme conditions anticipated in the future.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Dam Safety Funding And Technical Assistance [p. 182]YY
Levee Safety Funding And Direction To Us Army Corps Of Engineers [p. 182]NN
Scope Of Us Army Corps Of Engineers Investigations For Federal Flood Risk Studies [p. 183]YY
Replace Degraded Infrastructure With Nature-Based Solutions. [p. 183]YY
Consistent Cost-Share Requirements For Natural Infrastructure Projects And Nonstructural Projects [p. 183]YY
Repair, Rehabilitate, And Replace Existing Damaged Flood Infrastructure For Climate Resilience [p. 184]YY
Ecosytem Services Valuation System To Support Resilient Communities [p. 185]YY
Lifecycle Risk & Cost Analysis For Water Infrastructure Projects [p. 187]NN
Increase Funding To Clean Water Act And Safe Drinking Water Act [p. 187]YN
Increase Funding To The Water Infrastructure Finance And Innovation Act To Support Innovative Finance Strategies [p. 188]YY
Water Recycling At Bureau Of Reclamation [p. 190]YN
State Dedication Of Portion Of Funds Toward Green Infrastructure [p. 191]YN
Environmental Protection Agency Centers Of Excellence For Stormwater And Floodplain Management Research [p. 191]YN
New Grants To Support Green Infrastructure Planning, Design, Financing, And Installation [p. 191]YN
Surface Transportation Block Grant Program Funds For Natural Infrastructure [p. 191]YN


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Section 5: Prepare the Nation’s Telecommunications Network for Climate Impacts

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

1

Signed Into Law

2

Passed In The House

2

Total Recommendations

Wireless and broadband networks are essential utilities for commerce, health, education, and emergency services. However, millions of Americans lack access to reliable broadband internet, and telecommunications networks are vulnerable to outages during disasters. Until the 1930s, millions of Americans could not access the electrical grid, especially in rural areas where only about 10% of households were electrified. Congress passed the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, which transformed the economy and living standards of rural America. Today, we have a similar opportunity to expand access to resilient telelecommunications networks to close the “digital divide,” which disproportionately prevents low-income and rural Americans from accessing technology and telecommunications. The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting stay-at-home orders have highlighted how the gaps in access to information and communication technology hinders access to public safety information, telemedicine, telework, online education, and government assistance, especially for low-income and rural Americans.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Assure The Resilience Of The Nation'S Wireless Communications Network To Climate Impacts And Reliability In Disasters [p. 194]YN
Expand Access To And Ensure The Resilience Of Broadband Infrastructure [p. 196]YY


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Section 6: Plug Leaks and Cut Pollution from America’s Oil and Gas Infrastructure

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

3

Signed Into Law

8

Passed In The House

23

Total Recommendations

Methane accounted for about 10% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in 2018; however, it is a potent greenhouse gas that is more effective than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the atmosphere. EPA reports that natural gas and petroleum systems accounted for 28% of all anthropogenic methane emissions in 2018—the largest industrial source.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
New Source Performance Standards & Methane And Waste Prevention Rule [p. 198]YN
Methane Pollution Reduction Goals [p. 198]NN
Limit Natural Gas Flaring At Oil Wells [p. 199]NN
Require The The Environmental Protection Agency To Expand Air Quality Monitoring To Communities With Significant Oil And Gas Development [p. 199]NN
Advanced Leak Detection For Pipelines [p. 201]YY
Natural Gas Capture [p. 201]NN
Natural Gas Shut-Off Valves And Leak Detection And Repair [p. 201]NN
Report And Repair Large Natural Gas Loss Events [p. 201]NN
Civil Penalties For Natural Gas Safety [p. 201]NN
Provide Funding To Eliminate Methane Leaks From Natural Gas Distribution Lines Within 10 Years [p. 202]YN
Require The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Consider The Climate Crisis And Other Impacts When Reviewing Pipeline Applications [p. 204]NN
Notice Of Pipeline Application [p. 205]NN
Notice Of Pipeline Rehearing Process [p. 205]NN
Give Landowners A Fair Chance To Challenge Pipeline Approvals In Court [p. 206]YY
Pipeline Permits And Eminent Domain [p. 207]YN
Pipeline Permits And Eminent Domain - Material Amendments [p. 207]YN
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Office Of Public Participation And Consumer Advocacy [p. 208]PP
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Quorum Requirements [p. 208]NN
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Recusals [p. 209]NN
Oil And Gas Loopholes In Cornerstone Environmental Laws [p. 209]NN
Require The Department Of Energy And The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission To Consider Climate Change And Other Impacts When Reviewing Applications For Liquid Natural Gas Export Infrastructure [p. 211]NN
Prohibit Pipeline Developers From Using Eminent Domain Authority For Pipelines Carrying Gas For Export [p. 211]YN
Consider Climate Impacts In The Siting, Design Repair, And Maintenance Of Pipelines [p. 212]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 196 of our Action Plan

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Section 7: Drive Innovation and Deployment of Clean Energy and Deep Decarbonization Technologies

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

7

Signed Into Law

18

Passed In The House

29

Total Recommendations

While widespread deployment of existing clean energy technologies would significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions across the U.S. economy, full decarbonization of the economy will require new technologies that have yet to be invented. The opportunities are enormous, but cutting-edge technologies face barriers to development and deployment. The truly transformational technologies needed to decarbonize the economy take a long time to mature and often require new hardware solutions, which then require more capital. This results in multiple capital gaps along the development timeline of these technologies. Since energy is treated as a commodity, that makes it difficult for new technologies to overcome higher initial costs, and the emphasis placed on electricity reliability has led to a regulatory framework that does not appropriately value flexible and distributed characteristics of many innovative clean technologies. Moreover, the market also fails to value the clear advantage of these carbon-free technologies and their climate mitigation potential. Thus, robust innovation policy at all process stages—research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D)—will be critical to the timely and widespread implementation of these new technologies.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Climate Change Mitigation And Resilience In The Department Of Energy Mission [p. 215]YN
Commission To Reorganize The Department Of Energy [p. 216]NN
Mini Department Of Energy Reorg [p. 216]NN
Significantly Increase Clean Energy Research, Design, And Development Funding [p. 217]PP
Pursue Promising Reseach [p. 217]PP
Pursue Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Cross-Cutting Technologies [p. 218]PP
Department Of Energy Energy Justice And Democracy Program [p. 219]NN
Ensure Diverse Participation In Department Of Energy Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration Programs [p. 219]NN
Increase Funding For The Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy [p. 220]YY
Incubators And Accelerators [p. 221]YN
Entrepreneurial Separation Programs [p. 222]YN
Milestone-Based Demonstration Projects [p. 222]YY
Climate Prizes And Challenges [p. 222]YY
National Lab Voucher Program [p. 223]YN
Regional Energy Innovation [p. 223]YN
Increase Funding For Technology Demonstration [p. 224]NN
Create A Department Of Energy Demonstration Office [p. 225]NN
Department Of Energy Foundation [p. 226]YN
National Climate Bank [p. 227]YN
Department Of Energy Loan Guarantee And Clean Energy Deployment Administration [p. 230]YP
Publically Traded Partnerships (Master Leasing Plans) [p. 231]YN
Private Activity Bonds [p. 231]YN
Address Municipal Cash-Flow Problems To Enable Investments In Climate Resilience [p. 232]NN
Climate Risk Disclosures [p. 234]YN
Securities And Exchange Commission Federal Advisory Committee [p. 234]YN
Require Credit Rating Agencies To Disclose Methodologies [p. 234]NN
Require The Federal Reserve To Identify And Manage Climate-Related Financial Risks [p. 235]NN
Financial Stability Oversight Council Climate Risks [p. 236]NN
Commodity Futures Trading Commission Report [p. 236]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 213 of our Action Plan

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Section 8: Transform U.S. Industry and Expand Domestic Manufacturing of Clean Energy and Zero-Emission Technologies

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

18

Signed Into Law

26

Passed In The House

58

Total Recommendations

The world is on the cusp of a manufacturing and industrial transformation inspired by the need to deploy more zero-emission technologies and build cleaner, more resilient infrastructure. The United States has an opportunity to establish itself as a global leader in this transformation and spur a new generation of good-paying, high-quality manufacturing jobs in the process. At the same time, American industries and workers risk being left behind if the federal government does not step up to lead this transformation. As nations around the world consider green stimulus packages to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States must take bold, proactive actions to secure America’s future in manufacturing and industry.

Leading this global transformation will require a national commitment to modernize and decarbonize heavy industry in the United States; develop and implement coordinated national strategies to secure critical clean technology supply chains and ensure that U.S. technological innovation translates into domestic manufacturing; and invest in carbon removal technologies that the whole world will need to achieve net-negative emissions. By making manufacturing and industrial modernization a national priority, Congress can usher in new investment in the communities that need it the most, including deindustrialized communities, and build a cleaner, safer, and more equitable industrial base that supports good jobs across the United States.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Assistant Secretary Of Manufacturing And Industry [p. 241]NN
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration Funding And Program For Industrial Emissions Reductions [p. 241]YY
Research, Design, And Development For Industrial Efficiency And Smart Manufacturing [p. 242]PP
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Electrification And Low-/Zero-Emission Industrial Heat [p. 243]NN
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Industrial Carbon Capture Utilization And Storage [p. 244]YY
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Clean Hydrogen [p. 245]PP
Research, Design, Development, And Demonstration For Innovative Industrial Feedstocks And Alternative Materials [p. 246]PP
Circular Economy Roadmap [p. 247]NN
Support Demonstration And Commercialization Of Technologies For Reducing Industrial Emissions [p. 248]PP
Revolving Loan Funds [p. 249]NN
Provide Direct Grants And Rebates To Deploy Industrial Efficiency Technologies [p. 249]PP
Tax Incentives For Industrial Efficiency [p. 250]YP
Tax Incentives For Industrial Carbon Capture Utilization And Storage [p. 251]PP
Production Tax Credit For Low-/Zero-Emission Hydrogen [p. 252]NN
Investment Tax Credit For Equipment To Use Hydrogen In Industry [p. 252]NN
Enable Financing For Reducing Industrial Emissions [p. 252]PN
Facilitate The Development Of Robust Materials Recovery And Recycling [p. 254]PP
Large-Scale Carbon Storage Program [p. 255]YY
Public Engagement On Carbon Storage [p. 256]NN
Safe Permitting Of Class Vi Wells [p. 256]YN
Reject Attempts To Weaken The Existing Regulations That Apply To The Geologic Storage Of Carbon Dioxide [p. 257]NN
Hydrogen Infrastructure [p. 257]NN
National Environmental Product Declarations Database [p. 258]NN
Environmental Product Declarations Technical Assistance And Grant Program [p. 258]NN
Invest In The Workforce For A Decarbonized Industrial Sector [p. 258]NN
Buy Clean [p. 259]NN
Implement Tradable Performance-Based Emissions Standards For Key Industrial Products [p. 261]NN
Border Adjustment Mechanisms [p. 262]NN
Establish Robust Energy Efficiency Standards For Industrial Equipment And Processes [p. 264]PN
Establish A Low-Emission Heat Portfolio/Performance Standard [p. 264]NN
Establish Standards To Increase Materials Recirculation And Efficiency To Move Toward A Circular Economy [p. 265]NN
Ensure Technolgies Enabling Industrial Decarbonization Are Included In Federal Energy Procurement Policies And Standards [p. 266]NN
Create International Certifications And Labels For Emissions-Intensive Goods [p. 266]NN
48C Tax Credit [p. 267]YN
45M-Like Tax Credit [p. 268]NN
Domestic Manufacturing Conversion Grant Program [p. 270]YN
Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing [p. 270]YN
Develop A National Clean Energy, Decarbonization, And Advanced Vehicle Manufacturing Strategy [p. 270]NN
Develop Clean Energy And Vehicle Tax Policy That Encourages Domestic Manufacturing Of Decarbonization Technologies [p. 271]PN
National Critical Minerals Research Program And National Strategy [p. 272]PP
Research For Sustainable Battery Recycling And Alternative Materials [p. 272]YN
Manufacturing Usa Institutes [p. 273]NN
Us Manufacturing Plans [p. 274]NN
Department Of Energy And Department Of Commerce Manufacturing Coordination [p. 274]NN
New Consortia For Manufacturing [p. 274]NN
Procure Bulk Domestic Clean Energy, Energy Efficiency, And Decarbonization Technologies And Products [p. 275]NN
Create A Program To Provide A Portion Of Bulk Purchased Products And Appliances To State And Local Governments [p. 275]NN
Launch Ambitious Federal Research, Design, And Development For Carbon Removal Technologies [p. 278]PP
Coordinate Carbon Removal Activities Across The Government [p. 278]NN
Prioritize Direct Air Capture Research, Development, And Demonstration [p. 279]YY
Prioritize Research On Bioenergy With Carbon Capture [p. 280]YY
Expand Carbon Mineralization Research [p. 280]YY
Modernize The Section 45Q Tax Credit For Direct Air Capture [p. 281]NN
Expand Federal Fuel Standards To Include Fuels Made From Captured Carbon [p. 282]NN
Continue Supporting The Development Of Military Fuels And Products From Captured Carbon [p. 283]PP
Establish Federal Procurement Of Fuels Made From Captured Carbon [p. 283]NN
Establish Federal Procurement Of Fuels Made From Captured Carbon [p. 283]NN
Hydrofluorocarbons (Hfcs) [p. 284]YY


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 237 of our Action Plan

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Section 9: Break Down Barriers for Clean Energy Technologies

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

0

Signed Into Law

0

Passed In The House

2

Total Recommendations

Clean energy technology faces several structural barriers to rapid and widespread deployment. At the top of the list is a tax code that benefits oil, coal, and other incumbent energy technologies over new technologies and an economic system that fails to account for the cost of carbon pollution in energy prices.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Align Tax Code With Net-Zero Goal [p. 286]NN
Put A Price On Carbon Pollution [p. 286]NN


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Section 10: Invest in America’s Workers and Build A Fairer Economy

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

3

Signed Into Law

9

Passed In The House

17

Total Recommendations

Tackling climate change and reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 will reshape the U.S. economy. This offers a unique opportunity to build a new, clean energy economy on a foundation of equity and fairness for workers and their communities. Smart climate policy must invest across the country and in economically vulnerable communities and deliver good-paying, high-quality jobs and accessible career pathways into them for all Americans.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Secure Workers' Right To Organize A Union [p. 288]YN
Ensure Federally Funded Construction And Infrastructure Projects Meet The Highest Labor Standards [p. 289]PP
High-Road Labor Standards In Clean Energy And Clean Vehicle Tax Policy [p. 290]YN
National Economic Transition Office [p. 290]NN
Prioritize Spending And Investment In Communities In Economic Transition And Ej Communities [p. 291]NN
Attract Investment Into Areas With Tax Code [p. 292]NN
Registered Apprenticeship Programs [p. 292]YN
Clean Energy Training Programs [p. 293]YN
Maintain Coal Excise Tax Rate For Black Lung Disability Trust Fund [p. 294]YY
Higher Rate Or Alternative Mechanisms To Shore Up Black Lung Disability Trust Fund [p. 295]NN
Federal Benefits And Services For Coal Miners [p. 295]NN
Job Opportunities In Conservation And Climate Resilience [p. 296]NN
Extend Fee Collection For Abandoned Mine Land Trust Fund [p. 297]YY
Use Abandoned Mine Land Fund To Clean Up Abandoned Mines [p. 297]YN
Reclamation Fund To Remediate And Reclaim Orphaned Oil And Gas Wells [p. 298]YN
Bureau Of Land Management Inspection And Enforcement [p. 298]NN
Standard For Occupational Extreme Heat Exposure [p. 299]NN


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Section 11: Invest in Disproportionately Exposed Communities to Cut Pollution and Advance Environmental Justice

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

1

Signed Into Law

12

Passed In The House

20

Total Recommendations

In the United States, communities of color, low-income communities, and tribal and Indigenous communities “are disproportionately burdened by environmental hazards that include exposure to polluted air, waterways, and landscapes.” A 2019 study of eight cities, for example, found that residents of historically redlined communities—those that experienced now-illegal mortgage lending discrimination based on race and social class—are more than twice as likely as residents of non-redlined neighborhoods to visit emergency rooms for asthma-related treatment. Redlined neighborhoods also often have fewer trees, which, far from inconsequential, provide shade and reduce ground temperature on hot days. Another study of hazardous waste facilities found a “clear historical pattern of racially disparate siting” of these facilities.

These environmental justice communities are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change “due to a combination of factors, particularly the legacy of segregation and historically racist zoning codes, and often have the least resources to respond.” The 2018 National Climate Assessment found that climate impacts will not be distributed equally. Risks “are often highest for those that are already vulnerable,” including lower-income communities, communities of color, children, and the elderly. Climate change “threatens to exacerbate existing social and economic inequalities that result in higher exposure and sensitivity to extreme weather,” as vulnerable communities already have less capacity to prepare for and recover from extreme weather and climate-related events.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Double Environmental Protection Agency’S Enforcement Budget And Direct The Agency To Make Environmental And Climate Justice One Of Its Enforcement And Compliance Assurance Priorities. The Environmental Protection Agency Could Begin By Identifying 100 Communities Most Overburdened By Industrial Pollution For A Targeted Enforcement Surge, Including Enhanced Additional Air And Water Quality Monitoring [p. 302]NN
Direct The The Environmental Protection Agency Inspector General To Review The Outcomes Of This Enforcement Surge In Environmental Justice Communities [p. 302]NN
Increase Staffing In The External Civil Rights Enforcement Office In Environmental Protection Agency’S Office Of General Counsel To Respond In A Timely Manner To Title Vi Complaints As They Relate To Environmental Justice Concerns [p. 302]NN
For Any Environmental Projects Initiated As Part Of An The Environmental Protection Agency Settlement Agreement To Resolve Violations That Occurred In An Environmental Justice Community, Congress Should Direct The Environmental Protection Agency To Ensure That (1) Individuals In The Affected Environmental Justice Community Are Involved In The Development Of The Project, And (2) The Project Benefits The Health And Well-Being Of The Affected Environmental Justice Community [p. 302]NN
Amend The Civil Rights Act To Define Discrimination Based On Disparate Impact And Establish Private Right Of Action Under Title Vi, Section 602 [p. 303]YN
Direct The Environmental Protection Agency To Create A Plan To (1) Develop A Methodology To Assess The Cumulative And Disproportionate Impacts Of Pollution On Environmental Justice Communities, And (2) Integrate That Methodology Into Agency Decision-Making [p. 304]YN
Direct A Significant Percentage Of New Federal Investment And Incentives For Clean And Resilient Infrastructure To Environmental Justice Communities And Communities Most Affected By The Economic Transition Away From Fossil Fuel Consumption [p. 304]NN
Congress Should Codify Executive Order 12898 And Strengthen Requirements For Agencies To Develop Environmental Justice Strategies Through Inclusive Processes [p. 305]YN
Congress Should Codify The Interagency Working Group On Environmental Justice And Establish Its Purpose To (1) Improve Coordination And Collaboration Among Federal Agencies In Addressing The Disproportionate Human Health And Environmental Effects Of Federal Programs Policies And Practices On Environmental Justice Communities, (2) Promote Meaningful Involvement And Due Process In Development, Implementation And Enforcement Of Environmental Laws (3) Coordinate With And Provide Direct Guidance And Technical Assistance To Environmental Justice Communities, And (4) Address Environmental Health, Pollution, And Public Health Burdens On Environmental Justice Communities [p. 305]YN
Congress Should Authorize And Fund The Position Of Environmental Justice Ombudsman Within The Environmental Protection Agency [p. 306]NN
Congress Should Codify The National Environmental Justice Advisory Council To Ensure It Continues To Provide Indpendent Advice And Recommendations To The Environmental Protection Agency On Environmental And Climate Justice Issues While Being Comprised Of Individuals Who Have Knowledge Or Experience Relating To Environmental Justice Communities [p. 307]YN
Congress Should Codify The Ejscreen Tool And Provide The Environmental Protection Agency Additional Funding To Update And Improve It Or An Equivalent Tool. Congress Should Also Direct The Environmental Protection Agency And Other Federal Agencies To Use This Tool To Establish An "Equity Screen" For Major Federal Actions [p. 308]YN
Congress Should Establish A Process To Consider Creating A Method To Measure The Quantitative Impact Of Environment And Climate Related Legislation On Environmental Justicecommunities And Report Within One Year [p. 308]NN
Congress Should Require Employees From Environmental Protection Agency, Department Of Interior And Other Agencies To Participate In An Environmental And Climate Justice Training Program [p. 308]YN
Amend The National Environmental Policy Act To Require Deeper Analysis Of The Environmental And Climate Justice Impacts Of A Proposed Federal Action Including Cumulative Pollution Impacts, And Facilitate An Inclusive Process For Individuals In Environmental Justice And Tribal Communities [p. 309]YN
Direct The Environmental Protection Agency To Hold High-Level Biennial Public Meetings On Environmental Justice Issues At Each Regional Office [p. 310]YN
Increase Funding For The Environmental Protection Agency’S Environmental Justice Small Grants Program, Collaborative Problem-Solving Cooperative Agreement Program, And Community Action For A Renewed Environment Grant Program, And, If Necessary, Create New Or Expand Existing Grant Programs To Provide Technical Assistance To Build The Capacity Of States, Tribes, And Nonprofit, Community-Based Organizations Working To Reduce The Disproportionate Impacts Of Environmental Pollution And Climate Change In Environmental Justice Communities [p. 311]YY
Require The Environmental Protection Agency To Create An Online Environmental And Climate Justice Clearinghouse. The Environmental Protection Agency Should Develop This In Coordination With Representatives From Environmental Justice Communities [p. 311]YN
Congress Should Create A Qualified Environmental Justice Program Credit In Section 36C Of The Tax Code. It Should Be A Capped Refundable Competitive Credit Of $1 Billion Each Year For Institutions Of Higher Education To Develop And Implement Environmental Justice Programs As Part Of Their Curriculum [p. 312]YN
Congress Should Create A Grant Program To Support Hbcus, Tribal Colleges, And Other Minority Serving Institutions To Create Environmental And Climate Justice Centeres At The Institutions [p. 312]NN


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Section 12: Improve Public Health and Manage Climate Risks to Health Infrastructure

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

12

Signed Into Law

15

Passed In The House

38

Total Recommendations

The climate crisis is a public health threat multiplier. Climate change can affect human health in myriad ways: by intensifying heat waves, floods, and other extreme weather events; by degrading air quality; and by increasing the risk of infectious disease emergence and spread. The effects of climate change on human health can include a range of undesirable outcomes, such as worsening respiratory and cardiac conditions and impacts to mental health. Increases in air pollution or heat exposure related to climate change are also associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, with Black mothers at particularly high risk of preterm birth and lower birth weight. Health issues and emergencies caused by surging climate impacts can strain the capacity of hospitals, public health professionals, and the entire health sector. Alternatively, actions to reduce carbon pollution and build climate resilience can improve public health, save lives, and generate hundreds of billions of dollars in health-related economic benefits each year by the end of the century.

The COVID-19 pandemic and its impacts to the health care system, communities, and the economy illustrate the urgent need to better prepare the nation for public health emergencies. The pandemic also illustrates and exploits the pre-existing conditions affected by long-term exposure to air pollution that increase the risk of death in those with COVID-19. Therefore, climate policy solutions must also confront disproportionate public health and safety risks to vulnerable populations, particularly communities of color. This section presents recommendations to prepare the nation for the public health impacts of the climate crisis and related health emergencies.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
National Strategic Action Plan On Climate And Health [p. 315]NN
National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences Climate And Health Research [p. 315]YY
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Climate And Health Program [p. 316]NN
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network [p. 317]NN
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Epidemiology And Laboratory Capacity Cooperative Agreement Program [p. 317]NN
Us Global Change Research Program Interagency Crosscutting Group On Climate Change And Human Health [p. 317]NN
Wildfire Smoke Research And Community Smoke Mitigation [p. 317]NN
Climate-Related Health Data Standards [p. 318]YY
Electronic Public Health Data System [p. 319]PP
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Programs On Health Disparities [p. 320]PP
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Social Determinants Of Health Program [p. 320]PP
Department Of Health And Human Services Office Of The Assistant Secretary For Preparedness Response Supply Chain Resilience [p. 322]NN
The Department Of Homeland Security, The Cybersecurity And Infrastructure Security Agency, And Department Of Health And Human Services Office Of The Assistant Secretary For Preparedness Response Update To The National Infrastructure Protection Plan [p. 322]NN
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department Of Veterans Affairs, And Indian Health Services Supply Chain Integration [p. 322]NN
Us Postal Service Operational Resilience [p. 322]NN
Mitigation Framework Leadership Group And Office Of The Assistant Secretary For Preparedness Response Public-Private Collaboration Regarding Distribution [p. 323]NN
Support And Enhance Us Participation In The World Health Organization [p. 324]NN
Funding For Centers For Disease Control And Prevention And Progrthe Us Agency For International Development Ams That Advance Ghsa Goals [p. 324]YY
Expand And Support The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention'S Public Health Emergency Preparedness Cooperative Agreement [p. 326]YN
Public Health Emergency Fund Rapid Response To Emergencies [p. 326]NN
Fund Department Of Health And Human Services Public Health Service'S Ready Reserve Corps [p. 326]PP
Fund The National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences Training Program [p. 326]PP
Fund The Department Of Health And Human Services Public Health Emergency Preparedness Cooperative Agreements And The Empower Program [p. 328]NN
Hospital Preparedness Program Climate Emergency Planning [p. 330]YY
Health Facility Resilience Requirements [p. 331]NN
Health Facility Resilience Program [p. 331]NN
Emergency Preparedness Rule Update [p. 331]NN
Safety Net Health Facility Resilience Grants [p. 332]YN
Safety Net Health Facility Climate Resilience Technical Assistance [p. 332]NN
Update Department Of Veterans Affairs Climate Adaptation Plan [p. 334]NN
Update Department Of Veterans Affairs Sustainable Design Manual [p. 334]NN
Resilience Of Department Of Veterans Affairs Supply Chains [p. 334]YY
Mental Health Planning [p. 335]NN
Funding For Crisis Mental Health Programs [p. 336]YY
First Responder Mental Health [p. 336]YN
Mental Health And Disaster Planning [p. 336]NN
Mental Health And Community Resilience [p. 337]NN
Youth Mental Health [p. 338]YY


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 313 of our Action Plan

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Section 13: Invest in American Agriculture for Climate Solutions

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

0

Signed Into Law

1

Passed In The House

46

Total Recommendations

American farmers and ranchers can be active partners in solving the climate crisis and are already working to improve conservation and provide valuable climate and ecosystems benefits. More than 15% of all farmland is used for conservation and wildlife habitat improvement, and soil health efforts have increased by 17% since 2012.

With more than 900 million acres of agricultural land across the country, the United States has the potential to sequester substantial amounts of carbon in agricultural soils. Currently, U.S. agricultural soils generally present with 1% or less soil carbon, but studies show that among farmers practicing robust soil health practices, soils present with between 3% to 6% of soil carbon, demonstrating the potential for agriculture to significantly contribute to solving the climate crisis.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Conservation Title Working Lands Programs - Increase Funding [p. 341]NN
Retirement And Easement Programs - Conservation Reserve Program Acreage And Agricultural Conervation Easement Program + Healthy Forests Reserve Program Funding [p. 343]NN
Climate Mitigation Bundles [p. 344]NN
Regional Agroforestry Centers [p. 344]NN
National Climate Stewardship Practice Goals [p. 345]NN
Conservation Compliance Enforcement And Prevent Conversion - Enforcement [p. 346]NN
Conservation Compliance Enforcement And Conversion - Restore Native Grasses And Wetlands And Expand Sodsaver [p. 346]NN
Measure Impact Of Conservation Practices On Carbon Storage + Greenhouse Gas Reduction - Research And Development Funding [p. 347]NN
Support Organic Agriculture - Transition Program [p. 348]NN
Climate Smart-Management On Private Forests [p. 348]NN
Conservation Practice Standards [p. 349]NN
State Soil Health Initiatives [p. 349]NN
Farmers Leasing Land [p. 350]NN
Lending, Credit, And Land Valuation Incentives [p. 350]NN
"Climate-Based Producer" Certification [p. 351]NN
Crop Insurance - Discounts For Risk-Reducing Farming Practices [p. 352]NN
Watershed And Flood Prevention Programs [p. 353]NN
Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Synthetic Fertilizer - Environmental Quality Incentives Program, Regional Conservation Partnership Program, And Conservation Stewardship Program [p. 354]NN
Livestock Emissions And Grazing Lands - Financal And Tech Assistance [p. 355]NN
Feed Additives To Reduce Livestock Emissions [p. 356]NN
Cooperative Methane Digesters To Help Small- And Mid-Scale Operations [p. 356]NN
Cooperative Methane Digesters To Help Small- And Mid-Scale Operations - Agstar [p. 357]NN
Rural Broadband To Support Precision Agriculture [p. 357]YN
Natural Resources Conservation Service And Farm Service Agency Staff And Natural Resources Conservation Service Local Offices [p. 358]NN
Conservation Districts, Extension Services, Land-Grant Colleges, And Other Relevant Partners [p. 359]NN
Coordinate Within And Across Agencies And Support Public-Private Partnerships - Coordinated Agricultural Climate Plan [p. 359]NN
Coordinate Within And Across Agencies And Support Public-Private Partnerships - Leverage Resources With Private Partners [p. 359]NN
Us Department Of Agriculture Research Agencies And Key Partners - Department-Wide Climate Research Agenda [p. 360]NN
Us Department Of Agriculture Research Agencies And Key Partners - Mitigation Framework Leadership Group [p. 361]NN
Farmer-To-Farmer Education And Outreach Program [p. 361]NN
Climate Hubs [p. 362]NN
Seeds, Crop Varieties, And Animal Breeds Adapted To Regional Climate Change [p. 362]NN
Urban, Indoor, And Innovative Agricultural Production - Increase Funding [p. 363]NN
Efficiency Improvements And Reduce On-Farm Fuel Use - Increase Funding For Rural Energy For America Program [p. 364]NN
Energy Efficiency Improvements And Reduce On-Farm Fuel Use - Low-Emissions Equipment [p. 365]NN
On-Farm Renewable Energy Projects [p. 365]NN
Beginning, Young, And Socially Disadvantaged Farmers - Expand Programs And Incorporate Climate Mitigation [p. 367]NN
Coordinate With Tribal Nations And Ensure Full Financial And Technical Assistance [p. 368]NN
Support Environmental Justice Communities To Create A Fair And Equitable Food System [p. 368]NN
Keep Working Lands In Production - Agricultural Conservation Easement Program [p. 369]NN
Keep Working Lands In Production - Federal Conversion Of Farmland [p. 370]NN
Prevent The Conversion Of Natural Spaces, Wetlands, And Grasslands To Cropland [p. 370]NN
Local And Regional Food Systems - Federal Procurement [p. 371]NN
Local And Regional Food System Market Opportunities - Lamp [p. 372]NN
Local And Regional Food System Market Opportunities - Increase Markets For Locally Grown Products [p. 372]NN
Reduce Food Waste [p. 373]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 339 of our Action Plan

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Section 14: Make U.S. Communities More Resilient to the Impacts of Climate Change

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

4

Signed Into Law

11

Passed In The House

76

Total Recommendations

Communities are on the front lines of the climate crisis, contending with the effects of rising temperatures, increasingly severe storms, damaging wildfires, persistent droughts, acute river flooding, and chronic tidal inundation. Many local leaders are taking steps to prepare their communities for these impacts by adopting land use and development codes and standards and planning for transition where necessary. However, communities need a strong federal partner to confront the climate crisis with needed science-based expertise, guidance, and investments. Federal standards need to keep pace with the best available understanding of climate risks into the future and consider life-cycle costs as well as benefits that may accrue over time as climate impacts unfold.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Climate Risk Information Interagency Working Group [p. 375]NN
Climate Risk Information Service [p. 375]NN
Earth Monitoring [p. 378]YY
Weather And Climate Prediction [p. 378]YY
High Resolution Topographic Maps [p. 378]YY
Climate Change Insular Research Grant Program [p. 378]NN
National Weather Service Rural, Tribal, And Insular Offices [p. 378]NN
Climate Projections For Codes And Standards [p. 379]NN
National Climate Adaptation Commission [p. 380]NN
National Climate Adaptation Program [p. 381]NN
Climate Resilience Plans [p. 382]NN
Climate Risk Assessment Skilled Technical Assistance [p. 382]NN
Climate Resilience Resource Inventory [p. 383]NN
Climate Adaptation Funding Program [p. 384]NN
Create Climate-Ready Communities As A Recognition Program Modeled After The Project Impact Program [p. 385]NN
Establish A Climate Resilience Service Corps Within The Corporation For National And Community Service To Carry Out National Service Projects [p. 386]NN
Establish A Tribal Government Task Force [p. 387]NN
Direct The Mitigation Framework Leadership Group To Create A Federal Relocation Framework In Collaboration With Tribes, Indigenous Communities, And Insular Areas [p. 388]NN
Create A New Tribal And Indigenous Communities Adaptation Grants Program That Awards Funds Based On Risk And Prioritizes Relocation And Resettlement For Communities At Greatest Risk [p. 388]NN
Permanently Extend And Increase Funds To The Reclamation Water Settlements Fund [p. 389]YN
Increase Appropriations To The Bureau Of Indian Affairs Tribal Resilience Program [p. 389]NN
Increase Appropriations To The Bureau Of Indian Affairs Cooperative Landscape Conservation From $15 Million To $25 Million [p. 389]NN
Provide Ongoing Appropriations To Maintain And Enhance The Fisheries Disaster Assistance Program [p. 389]NN
Increase The Set-Aside For The Building Resistant Infrastructure And Communities Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program From 6% To 12%. Set A Minimum Funding Level Of $2 Billion For Bric Program To Ensure Federal Emergency Management Agency Maintains A Steady Funding Stream. Also Cap Building Resistant Infrastructure And Communities Funding At $10 Million For Large Infrastructure Projects [p. 392]NN
Reauthorize And Leverage Support For The Department Of Housing And Urban Development, Us Department Of Agriculture, Us Treasury And Other Federal Housing Assistance Programs And Ensure Loans For New Constructions And Improvements Are Resilient Against Climate Risks. Increase Housing Assistance Program Funds To Support Affordable Construction And Retrofits To Mitigate And Adapt To Climate Change. Establish A New National Housing Stabilization Fund [p. 393]YN
Require That The Department Of Housing And Urban Development, Us Department Of Agriculture, Us Treasury And Other Agencies That Manage Federal Housing Initiatives Provide Clear Guidance And Technical Assistance To Housing Assistance Agencies And Communities To Enable Adoption And Enforcement Of Climate-Resilient Building And Retrofitting Practices [p. 393]YN
Authorize And Appropriate $1 Billion For Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program [p. 393]YN
Create A New Program To Provide Long-Term Federal Investment To Help Rural Communities Overcome Barriers To Support Comprehensive And Locally Driven Community And Economic Development For Resilience, Infrastructure And Providing Skills And Job Placement [p. 394]NN
Small Business Administration Support For Climate Preparedness [p. 395]NN
Increase Funds To The Natural Resources Conservation Service Emergency Watershed Protection Floodplain Easements Program [p. 396]NN
Expand The Natural Resources Conservation Service Watershed And Flood Prevention Program And The Emergency Watershed Protection Floodplain Easements Program [p. 396]NN
Establish Financial Assurance Requirements Under The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act For The Toxic Releases Likely To Occur At Industrial Facilities And Coal Ash Ponds [p. 398]NN
Increase Funding At The Environmental Protection Agency To Provide Grants And Technical Assistance To Communities, States, Tribes And Others To Clean Up And Reuse Contaminated Properties (Brownfields) [p. 398]YN
Direct The Economic Development Administration To Include Pre-Disaster Mitigation And Climate Resilience Among Pragmmatic Priorities In Its Public Works And Economic Adjustment Assistance Grant Programs [p. 399]NN
Require That Government Sponsored Enterprises Perform Audits Of The Financial Viability Of Loans That Have Been Affected By Extreme Weather And Report On Whether Federally-Backed Loans In Flood-And Wildfire-Prone Areas Are Secured With Hazard Insurance As Well As The Post-Disaster Defualt Trends On Loans In Their Portfolios [p. 399]NN
Require That Government-Sponsored Enterprises Apply Federal Flood And Wildfire Standards In Their Lending Criteria For New Loans [p. 399]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Require Use Of The Annually Updated Discount Rates In Benefit-Cost Calculations, As Published In Appendix C Of The Office Of Mangement And Budget Circular A-94, To More Accurately Reflect The Future Value Of Investments In Hazard Mitigation [p. 400]NN
Revise The Federal Tax Code To Make State And Local Disaster Mitigation Grants For Projects To Strengthen Homes And Businesses Against Flood, Wildfire, Earthquake, And Windstorm Hazards Non-Taxable For Federal Income Tax Purposes [p. 401]YN
Provide A Tax Deduction To Individuals And Small Businesses For Hazard Mitigation Expenditures To Strengthen Homes And Buildings To Better Withstand Flooding, Wildfire, And Windstorms [p. 401]NN
Community Development Block Grants- Disaster Recovery Permanent Authorization [p. 403]YN
Amend Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief And Emergency Assistance Act To Provide Protection And Assistance To Low- And Moderate-Income People Who Are Seeking Federal Disaster Recovery Asstance To Relocate [p. 403]NN
Allow States, Local Governments, Tribes And Territories To Use Pre-Disaster Mitigation Funds And Disaster Recovery Funds For The Payment Of Insurance Premiums And Deductibles [p. 404]NN
Direct The Mitigation Framework Leadership Group To Investigate Opportunities To Use Innovative Insurance Approaches Such As Catastrophe Bonds, Parametric Insurance, And Public Climate Risk Pools To Identify Cost Savings And Efficiencies [p. 404]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Develop A Strategy To Incentivize Insurance Coverage Against Weather Perils To Stafford Act Category E Assets (Public Buildings And Infrastructure). Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Evaluate And Report On Use Of Innovative Risk Transfer Mechanisms To Cover Assets That Are Eligible For Stafford Act Category E Funds [p. 405]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Collaborate With Insurance Industry Experts To Support The Creation Of A Private All-Hazards Insurance Program That Would Cover All Natural Hazards, Be Available For Purchase Directly From Insurers [p. 405]NN
Increase Funds To The Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Mitigation Assistance Program. Also Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Allow States, Local Governments, Tribes, And Territories To Use Flood Mitigation Assistance Grants And Building Resilient Infrastructure And Communities Grants For The Establishment Of Open-Space Land Trusts Or Similar Arrangements. Direct The Us Army Corps Of Engineers To Provide Technical Assistance To Support Ecosystem Restoration Project Planning, Design, And Implementation [p. 406]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Allow Communities To Repair Damaged Public Buildings, And Infrastructure To Be Resilient To Natural Hazards [p. 407]NN
Amend The Agricultural Credit Act Of 1978 With Respect To Pre-Agreement Costs Of Emergency Watershed Protection Measures And Direct The Us Department Of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service To Develop A List Of Emergency Watershed Protection Measures For Which A Sponsor May Incur Reimbursable Cost Prior To Entering Into An Agreement Under The Emergency Watershed Protection Program [p. 407]NN
Increase Funding For National Flood Insurance Program Mapping And Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Enhance And Ensure The Technical Integrity And Usefulness Of National Flood Insurance Program Flood Hazard And Risk Information Taking Into Account Changing Storm And Flood Frequency And Severity Due To Climate Change [p. 409]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Develop And Deploy Accessible And Multilingual Educational Materials Along With Flood Hazard And Risk Information To Help The Public And Community Leaders Interpret Flood Risk Information [p. 409]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Collect, Create, And Share Flood Risk Data To Enable Communities And The Public To See Forecasts Of Flood Risk 30-50 Years Into The Future To Support Decision-Making About Homebuying And Infrastructure Siting And Design [p. 409]NN
Direct Agencies, Government-Sponsored Enterprises That Administer Housing And Small Business Loans And Loan Guarantees To Consider Securing All Federal Loand And Loan Guarantees With Flood Insurance. Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Ensure That Flood Insurance Provided Through National Flood Insurance Program Is Rated Accurately For Property Location [p. 411]NN
Create A Community-Wide Flood Insurance Program Under The National Flood Insurance Program Available For Purchase By Communities, States, Tribes, And Territories, As Well As By Levee System Owners [p. 411]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Address Flood Insurance Affordability For Low-Income Households And Small Businesses Through A Combination Of Means-Tested Discounts, Mitigation Loans, And Revolving Loans, And Allow Policyholders To Pay Flood Insurance Premiums In Monthly Installments. Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Grant Program To Provide Temproary Premium Assistance For Policyholders Who Have Requested Buyouts That Are Pending Funding And Implementation [p. 412]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Conduct Studies To Estimate The Avoided Flood Losses And Other Benefits Of Not Allowing New Development And Redevelopment Of Special Flood Hazard Areas. Incentive States, Local Governments, Tribes, And Territories To Adopt Higher Resilience Standards [p. 413]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Prioritize Pre-Disaster Mitigation Funds For Projects That Restore And Protect Flood-Prone Areas As Open Space [p. 413]NN
Require Disclosure Of Flood Hazards For Properties For Sale Or Lease Before Contracts To Purchase Become Binding [p. 414]NN
Direct The Federal Emergency Management Agency To Consider Urban Flooding Hazards In Flood Risk Analysis [p. 414]NN
Direct Wildland Fire Leadership Council To Develop A National Wildfire Mitigation Strategy That Leverages Programs Across Federal Government To Reduce Risk Of Loss Of Life, Property, And Natural Resources To Destructive Wildfires [p. 416]NN
Direct The Government Accountability Office To Investigate Programs Across The Federal Government Available That Support Community Community Wildfire Resilience And Improve If Necessary. The Government Accountability Office Should Also Study Approaches To Enhance Community Insurability Against Wildfire Risk [p. 416]NN
Increase Funds For National Fire Capacity Program And Establish A Community Wildfire Defense Grant And Technical Assistance Program To Support Community Development And Implementation Of Wildfire Defense Plans. Also Direct The Us Forest Service To Establish Protocols For Coordination Of Restrictuions On Campiture And Other Outdoor Fire Bants With State, Local Government, Territory, And Tribe Officials [p. 416]NN
Direct The Federal Communications Commission To Ensure Recent Changes To The Wireless Emergency Alert System To Improve Location And Geofencing Information For Wildfires Do Not Impair Other Emergency Communications Systems. The Federal Emergency Management Agency Should Prepare A Report Relating To Insufficent Radio Frequencies And Barriers [p. 417]NN
Direct Us Forest Service To Establish A Wildfire Risk Mapping System That Is Adaptable To Seasonal Fire Sik, Integrates Relevant Data From States And Private Parners, And Triggers Requirements For The Use Of Wildfire Resilience Codes And Standards For Federally Supported Projects. Maps And Modeling Should Integrate Info From National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration'S Hazard Mapping System Fire And Smoke Product. Direct Us Forest Service To Ensure That Risk Info Is Available At A Higher-Resolution Planning Scale To Inform Siting And Design Of Buildings And Infrastructure [p. 418]NN
Increase Funding For Wildland Fuels Reduction Programs In The Wildland-Urban Interface [p. 418]YY
Increase Funding For Programs Through Us Forest Service, Department Of Housing And Urban Development, And Federal Emergency Management Agency To Help Communities Prepare For Wildfires And Prioritize Funding Based On Socioeconomic Factors In Addition To Wildfire Risks. Adjust Cost-Shared Mitigation Programs To Discourage Development In The Wildland-Urban Interface [p. 418]NN
Reform Federal Flood Risk And Resilience Standards [p. 421]NN
General Services Administration Should Inventory All Federal Assets Located In Designated Floodplains, Including Critical Facilities In The 0.2% Annual Chance Floodplain [p. 421]NN
Direct Departments Of Housing And Urban Development, Agriculture, Treasury, Veterans Affairs, And Homeland Security To Ensure That Federally Supported Development And Rebuilding In The Wildland-Urban Interface Use The Minimum Wildfire-Resilient Standards Contained In The International Wildland-Urban Interface Code. Direct The Mitigation Framework Leadership Group To Convene A Working Group To Assess And Develop Resilience Strategies Against Wildfire Risks To Critical Infrastucture [p. 422]NN
Codify Executive Order 13728 "Wildland-Urban Interface Federal Risk Mitigation" And Direct Federal Departments And Agencies To Implement The Requirements Of The Executive Order [p. 423]NN
Reauthorize National Windstorm Impact Reduction Program To 2025 And Increase Its Appropriations To Improve Research Into Climate System Variability And Change As It Relates To Wind Hazards And To Translate Their Research Into Better Engineering Design Of The Built Environment [p. 423]NN
Direct Federal Emergency Management Agency Building Sciences Branch To Investigate Major Disasters And Produce Reports That Are Publically Available, Including Findings Regarding Failure Modes Of Buildings And Infrastructure [p. 424]NN
Direct The Government Accountability Office To Investigate And Report On The Codes, Specifications, And Standards That Federal Emergency Management Agency Uses And Make Recommendations On Ways To Improve Them To Address Climate Resilience [p. 424]NN
Modify Section 417 Of The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief And Emergency Assistance Act To Encourage The Adoption Of Higher Standards And Risk Management Practices As A Prerequisite Of Repayment Relief For The Community Disaster Loan Program [p. 425]NN
Federal Agency Climate Adaptation Plans [p. 426]NN
Reestablish Council On Climate Preparedness And Resilience [p. 426]NN
Direct Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council To Require Major Suppliers To Publically Disclose Their Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Climate Risks To Their Supply Chains And Operations. Direct Departments And Agencies To Consider Emissions Reduction And Resilience In Their Contracting Procedures [p. 427]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 374 of our Action Plan

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Section 15: Protect and Restore America’s Lands, Waters, Ocean, And Wildlife

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

8

Signed Into Law

19

Passed In The House

93

Total Recommendations

The role of America’s lands and waters in climate change is often overlooked, but nature is one of the most cost-effective and enduring solutions to the climate crisis. The country’s forests, grasslands, and wetlands are significant carbon sinks, capturing and storing carbon in roots and soils. Natural features such as marshes, forests, and coral reefs serve as natural barriers – protecting communities from damaging floods and storm surges – and as filters, screening out harmful sediment, nutrients, and other pollutants.

The condition of nature in America, however, is rapidly declining as the country loses large swaths of natural areas to roads, urban sprawl, energy development, and other human activities. Moreover, the mismanagement of America’s public lands and waters currently makes them a part of the climate change problem. Fossil fuel extraction on public lands and waters is responsible for nearly a quarter of total U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, making public lands a net-emitter of greenhouse gas pollution. To transform public lands and waters into a cornerstone of the climate solution, the federal government needs to develop and implement a comprehensive, aggressive plan to reduce emissions from fossil fuel extraction, increase renewable energy development, and protect and restore natural landscapes across the country.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
30X30 [p. 429]NN
30X30 [p. 430]YN
30X30 - National Goal [p. 431]NN
30X30 - National Nature Assessment [p. 431]NN
30X30 - Organic Statutes [p. 431]NN
Land And Water Conservation Fund [p. 432]YY
Restore Abandoned Mines - Abandonded Mine Land Fund And Fund To Reclaim Hardrock Mines [p. 433]YN
Private Land Conservation - Agricultural Conservation Easement Program And The Healthy Forests Reserve Program [p. 434]NN
Support And Consult Tribal Nations On Land Conservation And Indigenous Traditional Knowledge - Establish A Commission [p. 434]NN
Equitable Access To Green Space [p. 436]YN
Civilian Conservation Corps [p. 436]NN
Funding For The National Park Service And Other Land Management Agencies [p. 438]YY
Monitoring, Assessing, And Addressing Climate Impacts On National Parks Ecosystems [p. 438]NN
Monitoring, Assessing, And Addressing Climate Impacts On National Parks Ecosystems - Do 100 [p. 439]NN
Wildlife Corridor And Connectivity System [p. 440]YN
National Landscape Conservation Strategy For Species [p. 441]YN
Efforts Of Private Landowners To Conserve Habitat - Partners For Fish And Wildlife [p. 443]NN
Endangered Species Act Improvement [p. 443]NN
Endangered Species Act Improvement - Trump Admin Endangered Species Act Rules [p. 443]NN
Forest Service'S "Multiple Use" Policy And Planning [p. 444]NN
Protect And Conserve Mature And Old Growth Forests - Roadless Rule [p. 445]NN
Protect And Conserve Mature And Old Growth Forests - Federal Forest Carbon Reserve [p. 445]NN
Illegal International Deforestation [p. 446]NN
Invest In Federal Forest Restoration - Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program, Vegetation And Watershed Management Program [p. 448]NN
Invest In Federal Forest Restoration- Prioritize Lands For Restoration [p. 448]NN
Invest In Federal Forest Restoration - Stewardship Contracting [p. 448]NN
Invest In Federal Forest Restoration - Legacy Roads And Trails Program [p. 448]YN
Invest In Native Grassland Restoration - Voluntary Grazing Permit Retirement [p. 449]NN
Conservation, Restoration, And Climate-Informed Management Of Private Forests - Forest Legacy Program And Community Forest And Open Space Conservation Program [p. 450]NN
Partner With States To Ensure Climate-Informed Forest Management - Landscape Scale Restoration Program [p. 451]NN
Partner With States To Ensure Climate-Informed Forest Management - Funding For States [p. 451]NN
Address Fire While Maintaining Environmental Safeguards - 2018 Ce [p. 452]NN
Address Fire While Maintaining Environmental Safeguards - Funding For Fire In The Wildlife-Urban Interface [p. 452]NN
Address Fire While Maintaining Environmental Safeguards - Water Quality On Public Lands [p. 453]NN
Address Fire While Maintaining Environmental Safeguards - Restoration Funding Decreased By Budget Cuts [p. 453]NN
Categorical Exclusions From National Environmental Policy Act [p. 453]NN
Reforestation On Public Lands And The Reforestation Backlog [p. 454]NN
Reforestation On Nonfederal Lands - New Grant Program To Fund Reforestation On State, Local, Tribal, And Private Lands [p. 455]NN
Invest In Afforestation Of Lands [p. 456]NN
Urban Forests And Tree Canopy - National Urban And Community Forestry Advisory Council [p. 457]NN
Outcome-Based Success Of Forest Service Activities [p. 458]NN
Region-Specific Climate-Smart Forestry Practice Guidelines [p. 458]NN
Markets And Incentives For Innovative, Sustainable Wood Products - Research And Development, Innovation [p. 459]NN
Markets And Incentives For Innovative, Sustainable Wood Products - Market Incentives [p. 460]NN
Lifecycle Analysis Of Wood Use And Wood Products, Including Biomass [p. 460]NN
Lifecycle Analysis Of Wood Use And Wood Products, Including Biomass - Biodiversity [p. 460]NN
Partnerships And Collaborations For Climate-Smart Forest Management [p. 461]NN
Determine Where Forest Restoration Provides The Greatest Climate Biodiversity Benefits Through Increased Data Collection [p. 461]NN
Research, Data, And Model Development On Forest Health And Wildfire Behavior [p. 462]NN
Research On Carbon Sequestration In Federal Forests, Grasslands, And Soils [p. 463]NN
Staff Resources And Funding To Match Land Management Needs [p. 463]NN
Protect And Conserve Existing Ocean And Wetland Ecosystems - 30X30 [p. 466]YY
Restore Lost And Degraded Ocean And Wetland Ecosystems - National Restoration Priorities [p. 467]YY
National Ocean Policy [p. 468]NN
National Coastal Zone Management Program [p. 469]YY
Ocean-Based Renewable And Marine Energy [p. 470]NN
Ocean And Coastal Acidification - Research, Monitoring, Forecasting, Mitigation, And Adaptation Efforts [p. 471]YN
Ocean And Coastal Acidification - Prize Awards [p. 471]YN
Ocean And Coastal Acidification - Coral Reef Conservation Act [p. 471]NN
Ocean And Coastal Acidification - State Coral Reef Action Plans [p. 471]NN
Ocean And Coastal Acidification - Marine Mammals Harmed By Climate Change [p. 472]NN
Harmful Algal Blooms And Hypoxia [p. 472]PP
Fisheries Management - Climate Ready Fisheries [p. 474]NN
Fisheries Management - 11Th National Standard On Climate Change [p. 474]NN
Fisheries Management - Research, Capacity, And Management Recommendations [p. 474]NN
Natural Infrastructure For Coastal And Riverine Resilience - New And Existing Grant Programs [p. 475]YP
Expand The Coastal Barrier Resources Act [p. 476]NN
Advance Understanding Of Ocean And Coastal Ecosytems' Climate Benefits - Advanced Project Agency-Oceans [p. 477]YY
Expand Research On The Ocean Carbon Cycle [p. 478]NN
Bureau Of Land Management Multiple-Use Policy [p. 480]NN
Goal Of Net-Zero Emissions On Public Lands And Waters - Establish The Goal [p. 481]NN
Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Co-Pollutants That Affect Environmental Justicecommunities [p. 481]NN
Enact A Moratorium On New Fossil Fuel Leases On Public Lands And Implement Robust Economic Transition Initiatives [p. 482]NN
Prohibit New Offshore Oil And Gas Leasing [p. 484]YN
Prohibit New Offshore Oil And Gas Leasing - Methane Hydrates [p. 484]NN
Reduce Methane Pollution From Oil And Gas Production On Public Lands [p. 485]NN
Track, Measure, And Report Emissions And Oil And Gas Production From Public Lands And Waters [p. 485]NN
Quarterly Lease Sales And Length Of Lease Terms [p. 486]NN
Renewable Energy Development And Production On Public Lands And Waters [p. 487]YN
Protect Wild And Special Places From Drilling And Mining [p. 489]YN
End Drilling And Mining In Important - Sage Grouse [p. 490]NN
End Drilling And Mining In Important Habitat - Migratory Bird Treaty Act [p. 490]NN
Eliminate Unnecessary Tax Breaks For Oil And Gas Companies [p. 491]NN
Reform The Onshore Oil And Gas Royalty System [p. 492]NN
Reform The Offshore Oil And Gas Royalty System And Close Loopholes For Oil And Gas Companies - No Less Than 18.75% [p. 493]NN
End Noncompetitive Oil And Gas Leasing On Public Lands [p. 494]NN
Increase Minimum Bid Requirements And Rental Rates For Both Competitive And Noncompetitive Oil And Gas Leases [p. 495]NN
Speculative Leasing; Anonymous Industry Nominations; And A Comprehensive Planning Process - Disclose Identities [p. 496]NN
Speculative Leasing; Anonymous Industry Nominations; And A Comprehensive Planning Process - No Speculative Leasing [p. 496]NN
Speculative Leasing; Anonymous Industry Nominations; And A Comprehensive Planning Process - Retire Low-Potential Leases [p. 496]NN
Speculative Leasing; Anonymous Industry Nominations; And A Comprehensive Planning Process - Nonproducing Parcels [p. 496]NN
Speculative Leasing; Anonymous Industry Nominations; And A Comprehensive Planning Process - Master Leasing Plans [p. 496]NN
Robust Environmental Review And Safeguards - Review [p. 497]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 428 of our Action Plan

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Section 16: Confront Climate Risks to America’s National Security

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

4

Signed Into Law

6

Passed In The House

19

Total Recommendations

In February 2020, a panel of national security, military, and intelligence experts from the Center for Climate and Security released a comprehensive report warning of high-to-catastrophic threats to security environments, infrastructure, and institutions from unmitigated climate change and its impacts. These experts looked at multiple threats to each region of the world, including social and political instability and risks to U.S. military missions and infrastructure. They concluded that “even at scenarios of low warming, each region of the world will face severe risks to national and global security in the next three decades. Higher levels of warming will pose catastrophic, and likely irreversible, global security risks over the course of the 21st century.” This new report reiterates what many national security experts have been saying for more than a decade: Climate change poses a national security threat to the United States and its interests abroad.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Department Of Defense Installation Local Coordination [p. 505]NN
Department Of Defense Procurement Climate Risk Authority [p. 506]NN
Assistant Secretary Of Defense For Energy, Installations, And Environment [p. 506]YY
Goverment Accountability Office Review Of Department Of Defense Climate Mitigation And Adaptation [p. 506]YY
Department Of Homeland Services Report On Climate Impacts [p. 507]PN
Federal Emergency Management Agency Climate Risk Strategic Planning [p. 508]NN
Us Global Change Research Program Global Security Information [p. 508]PP
Climate Stress Testing For National Security [p. 509]NN
Department Of Defense Climate Adaptation Roadmap [p. 510]PP
Green Climate Fund [p. 512]NN
Security Impacts Of Climate Change - State Dept [p. 514]NN
Monitoring Climate Risks To National Security - State Dept [p. 514]NN
Global Climate Resilience Strategy And Climate-Displaced Persons [p. 514]NN
Foreign Aid For International Climate Resilience [p. 514]NN
Federal Interagency Working Group On Women And Climate Change [p. 515]NN
Black Carbon Reduction [p. 515]YN
International Programs To Stop Deforestation And Support Reforestation [p. 516]NN
Innovative Investments And Financing For International Forest Conservation And Restoration [p. 516]NN
Ambassador At Large For Arctic Affairs [p. 518]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 503 of our Action Plan

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Section 17: Restore America’s Leadership on the International Stage

0% Signed Into Law
0% Passed

4

Signed Into Law

7

Passed In The House

18

Total Recommendations

American leadership in international engagement is crucial to addressing the climate crisis. The opportunity to advance climate solutions must be a priority for the United States in our multilateral, bilateral, international development, and humanitarian efforts. The consequences of climate change are dire for vulnerable people and countries around the world, exacerbating pre-existing challenges such as food insecurity and competition for land, water, and natural resources. These in turn increase the danger of humanitarian crises and the risk of conflicts, threatening regional and global security. Helping to advance climate solutions globally will enhance American national security. By supporting climate-smart development and partnering with countries on climate solutions, the United States can help countries address their own circumstances and foster partnerships that have security and economic benefits for all.

RecommendationPassed HouseBecame Law
Support For Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change [p. 520]YN
Robust National Climate Assessments [p. 520]NN
Climate Projections To 100 Years [p. 520]NN
Foundational Climate Research [p. 522]YY
Climate Impacts In National Climate Assessments [p. 524]NN
Climate Impacts Research [p. 524]PP
Climate And Stem Education [p. 525]PP
Climate Teaching Methods [p. 525]NN
Governance Of Atmospheric Climate Intervention [p. 526]PN
Scientific Integrity [p. 527]YN
National Academy Of Sciences, Engineering, And Medicine Study Of Censored Science [p. 528]NN
Science Informed Rule Making [p. 528]NN
Restore Office Of Technology Assessment [p. 529]NN
Communnity Relations Service And Government Accountability Office Funding [p. 529]PP
Social Cost Of Carbon [p. 531]NN
Congressional Budget Office Climate Accounting [p. 532]NN
Climate Accounting National Academies Of Sciences, Engineering, And Medicine Study [p. 532]NN
Office Of Management And Budget Climate Accounting [p. 533]NN


Learn More About These Recommendations on Page 511 of our Action Plan

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